United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan
The United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) was established by the Security Council in its resolution 2524 (2020) of 3 June 2020, which requested the Secretary-General to appoint a SRSG for Sudan and Head of Mission for UNITAMS and to initiate the planning and for and establishment of UNITAMS to allow the mission to begin delivering on its objectives by 1 January 2021.
An earlier resolution 2495 (2019), requested options for a follow-on presence to the United Nations-African Union Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID), based on the views and the needs of Government of Sudan.
- Assist the political transition, progress towards democratic governance, in the protection and promotion of human rights, and sustainable peace (sic)
- a. Assist, through good offices, the Sudanese transition
- b. Provide technical assistance to the constitution drafting process, the population census, (and) preparations for elections, in support of national efforts
- c. Support the implementation of the human rights, equality, accountability and rule of law provisions of the Constitutional Document and future peace agreements
- Support peace processes and implementation of future peace agreements
- a. Provide good offices and support to the Sudanese peace negotiations
- b. Provide, if requested by the parties, scalable support to the implementation of any future peace agreements
- Assist peacebuilding, civilian protection and rule of law, in particular in Darfur and the Two Areas
- a. Support Sudanese-led peacebuilding
- b. Assist, advice and support the Government of Sudan's capacity to extend state presence and inclusive civilian government and providing advisory and capacity building support for security authorities
- c. Assist, advise and support the Government of Sudan to establish a secure and stable environment within which any future peace agreement can be implemented
- d. Support the strengthening of human rights
- Support the mobilization of economic and development assistance and coordination of humanitarian assistance
- a. Collaborate with the international financial institutions
- b. Support and facilitate full, rapid, safe and unhindered delivery of humanitarian assistance
- c. Ensure effective and integrated cooperation of United Nations agencies, funds and programmes and promote cooperation with relevant partners
The resolution also requested UNITAMS and the United Nations country team to establish an appropriate mechanisms for joint and coordinated peacebuilding support, based on lessons learned from the state liaison functions established under UNAMID.
During the internal planning and the Security Council mandate negotiations, there were differences of views regarding the UNITAMS mandate related to protection of civilians, with some stakeholders calling for the deployment of military and/or police personnel as part of the mission. This language was replaced with more general language on providing advisory and capacity building support "through United Nations advisers".
Security Council resolutions
- Security Council resolution 2495 (2019)
- Expressed intention to decide courses of action regarding the responsible drawdown and exit of UNAMID and to adopt a new resolution establishing a follow-on presence to UNAMID
- S/2020/77 Letter dated 27 January 2020 from the Prime Minister of the Sudan addressed to the Secretary-General
- S/2020/202 Special report on the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur and a follow-on presence
- S/2020/221 Letter dated 27 February 2020 from the Prime Minister of the Sudan addressed to the Secretary-General
- S/2020/336 Letter dated 28 April 2020 from the President of the Security Council addressed to the Secretary-General and the Permanent Representatives of the members of the Security Council (Security Council meeting on 24 April 2020)
- Security Council resolution 2524 (2020), paragraph 2
- What's in Blue: Resolutions on the UN/AU Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) and the establishment of a follow-on mission (3 June 2020)