Peace and security architecture
The peace and security architecture of the Secretariat consists of the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA), the Department of Peace Operations (DPO), a single regional political-operational structure and capacities for coordination and shared services.
- 1 History
- 2 Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs
- 3 Department of Peace Operations
- 3.1 Office of the Under-Secretary-General
- 3.2 Office of Military Affairs
- 3.3 Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions
- 3.4 Division for Policy, Evaluation and Training
- 4 Office of the Director for Coordination and Shared Services
- 5 Single regional political-operational structure
- 6 See also
- 7 References
Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs
DPPA is headed by an Under-Secretary-General and is the lead entity within the Secretariat for political analysis, mediation, electoral assistance, peacebuilding support and political guidance. Its remit currently includes the peace operations categorized as special political missions.
Office of the Under-Secretary-General
PBSO is headed by an Assistant Secretary-General, who also serves as the deputy to the Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs.
- Peacebuilding Strategy and Partnerships Branch
- Previously the Policy, Planning and Application Branch, this Branch facilitates coherence system-wide action by connecting the peace and security pillar with the development system, humanitarian actors and the human rights pillar.
- Peacebuilding Commission Support Branch
- This Branch provides strategic, substantive, technical and logistical support to the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC).
- Financing for Peacebuilding Branch
- This Branch is responsible for the overall strategic management of the Peacebuilding Fund.
Security Council Affairs Division
SCAD is led by a director (D-2) and provides advice and substantive support tot he Security Council, its subsidiary organs and the Military Staff Committee.
- Security Council Secretariat Branch
- Security Council Subsidiary Organs Branch
- Security Council Practices and Charter Research Branch
- Military Staff Committee Secretariat
Electoral Assistance Division
EAD is led by a director (D-2) and is responsible for providing advice on the organization and conduct of electoral assistance, as requested by Member States or mandated by the General Assembly or Security Council. It also manages the United Nations roster of electoral experts. 
Policy and Mediation Division
PMD is led by a director (D-2) and is responsible for the development of policy, guidance and learning tools for conflict prevention and preventative diplomacy as well as for the provision of mediation support and advice. It also provides substantive and administrative support to the High-level Advisory Board on Mediation.
The Division includes a Gender, Peace and Security Team responsible for the development of policy and the provision of substantive and technical support on issues related to gender and to women, peace and security, in coordination with the Gender Unit in DPO.
Division for Palestinian Rights
The Division provides support to the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.
The Decolonization Unit provides advice and substantive support to the Special Committee on the Situation regarding the Implementation of the Declaration of the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (commonly known as the Special Committee on Decolonization, or C-24).
Department of Peace Operations
DPO is led by an Under-Secretary-General and is responsible for providing integrated strategic, operation, political, policy and operational support to peace operations within its purview. It is also the lead entity within the United Nations system in the areas of military, police, rule of law and security sector institutions, DDR and mine action.
Office of the Under-Secretary-General
- Office for the Peacekeeping Strategic Partnership
- OPSP is headed by a director (D-2) responsible for advising the USG on issues affecting the participation of troop- and police-contributing countries in peacekeeping operations.
- Gender Unit
- Provides advice to senior departmental leadership on gender equality and women, peace and security, in cooperation with the Gender, Peace and Security Team in DPPA.
- Integrated Assessment and Planning Unit
- Provides advice and support on mission-specific analysis, assessment and planning processes.
Office of Military Affairs
OMA is headed by the Assistant Secretary-General, Military Adviser, and is responsible for providing technical advice to the Under-Secretary-General for Peace Operations and the heads of the military components of peace operations.
- Military Planning Service
- MPS conducts military planning for emerging and existing operations, produces military guidance documents, monitors the implementation of military plans for ongoing operations and identifies the force or operational requirements for military personnel, military formed units and contingent-owned equipment in potential or ongoing peace operations.
- Force Generation Service
- FGS is the principal military point of contact with troop-contributing countries on the force generation process, including the generation, rotation and repatriation of military contingents and individuals. It supports the work of the Uniformed Capabilities Support Division in the Department of Operational Support on the contingent-owned equipment and memorandum of understanding negotiation process. The Service also supports the selection process for senior military officials in peace operations.
- Current Military Operations Service
- CMOS advises heads of military components in peace operations on technical aspects of military operations. It monitors and coordinates with the permanent missions of troop-contributing countries on operational issues involving military personnel, including incidents, accidents, injuries, deaths and conduct and discipline issues in peace operations.
Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions
The Police Division is headed by the Police Adviser (D-2), who also serves as deputy to the ASG OROLSI
- Strategic Policy and Development Section
- This Section develops and reviews technical guidelines, standards, directives and SOPs for police components in peace operations.
- Mission Management and Support Section
- This Section provides operational and technical advice on law enforcement and policing issues to police components of peace operations. It also coordinates with the permanent missions of police-contributing countries on operational, technical and administrative issues related to deployed police personnel.
- Selection and Recruitment Section
- This Section coordinates the selection, deployment, rotation and repatriation of United Nations police officers. It also supports the Uniformed Capabilities Support Division in the Department of Operational Support on the contingent-owned equipment and memorandum of understanding negotiation process for formed police units.
- Standing Police Capacity
- The SPC, located at the United Nations Logistics Base in Brindisi, Italy, provides standby police and law enforcement start-up capability tof new peace operations, supports operational assessments of police components and provides assistance during mission transitions, drawdown and closure.
Justice and Corrections Service
JCS provides support to justice, corrections and rule of law components on mandate delivery, including in the areas of accountability mechanisms to address conflict-related serious crimes, institutional architecture, capacity and legislative reforms related to the rule of law, extension of justice and corrections institutions and prison security and management.
- Justice and Corrections Standing Capacity
Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Section
The DDR Section provides expertise to peace operations and develops policy, guidance and training for the implementation of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR), community violence reduction (CVR) and other programmes aimed at managing non-state armed groups and preventing the recruitment into such groups.
Security Sector Reform Unit
SSRU provides policy advice and support on security and defense sector reform to relevant units in peace operations and develops relevant policy, guidance, standards and practices.
Mine Action Service
UNMAS, which is led by a director (D-2), is the lead entity within the United Nations on mine action, in line with General Assembly resolution 70/80
- Strategic Planning and Operations Support Unit
- Budget, Financial Management and Reporting Section
- Programme Management and Planning Section
- Policy, Advocacy and Public Information Section
- Geneva Office
Division for Policy, Evaluation and Training
DPET is led by a director (D-2).
- Integrated Training Service
- Peace Operations Policy and Best Practices Section
The Office, which is led by a director (D-2) who reports to both Under-Secretaries-General, provides a range of common management and administrative services to both departments.
- Executive Office
- The EO supports both departments in fulfilling their financial, personnel and general administration responsibilities. The general functions of executive offices across the Secretariat is established in section 7 of ST/SGB/2015/3.
- Peacekeeping Situation Centre
- The SitCen is the DPPA-DPO contribution to the United Nations Operations and Crisis Centre (UNOCC).
- Leadership Support Section
- The Section monitors leadership requirements in peace operations and supports decision-making on senior leadership appointments, including through the maintenance of a database of qualified individuals, development of post profiles and short lists and supporting newly-appointed senior leaders.
- Strategic Communications Section
- Provides advice to senior departmental leadership, manages medial relations, publicity, outreach, external relations, corporate messaging, digital and online platforms and campaigns and supports public information units in peace operations.
- Focal Point for Security
- Provides policy and strategic advice on safety and security measures related to peace operations as well as organizational resilience programmes.
- Information Management Unit
Single regional political-operational structure
The three offices of the single regional structure report to both Under-Secretaries-General and are central to the implementation of the whole-of-pillar approach to addressing challenges to international peace and security.
Each office consists of divisions responsible for coordination of United Nations work in early warning, prevention, peacebuilding, mediation, sustaining peace and peace operations in their designated geographical areas. The divisions lead the development of integrated regional and country-specific conflict analyses and strategies and provide backstopping support for peace operations within their geographical area. Multidimensional peacekeeping operations are supported by integrated operational teams within the divisions which bring together political, military, rule of law and other relevant capacities.
Office of the Assistant Secretary-General for Africa
- Northern Africa Division
- Western Africa Division
- Eastern Africa Division
- Central and Southern Africa Division
Office of the Assistant Secretary-General for Middle East, Asia and the Pacific
- Middle East Division
- Asia and the Pacific Division
Office of the Assistant Secretary-General for Europe, Central Asia and the Americas
- Europe and Central Asia Division
- Americas Division
- A/72/772 Revised estimates related to the peace and security reform
- A/74/223 Assessment of the Police Division
- IED-20-001 OIOS report: Evaluation of the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs