Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations
The Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations defines the privileges and immunities of the United Nations, its personnel and its assets. It stems from Article 105 of the United Nations Charter, which specifies that:
- The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the fulfilment of its purposes.
- Representatives of the Members of the United Nations and officials of the Organization shall similarly enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the independent exercise of their functions in connection with the Organization.
- The General Assembly may make recommendations with a view to determining the details of the application of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article or may propose conventions to the Members of the United Nations for this purpose.
The Convention entered into force on 17 September 1946. As of 2018, the Convention has been ratified by 162 Member States, a number of which have registered reservations with certain provisions of the Convention. The text of the convention and the reservations made by Member States are available on the UN Treaty Collection website: link.
The separate Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies is the analogous document pertaining to the specialized agencies. The text of the convention is available on the UN Treaty Collection website: link.